Adverse Health Concerns of Mobile Phones
by Alasdair Philips
EMC Consultant & Director of the Powerwatch Network

This is based on a talk I gave a few months ago. A few of you saw an early copy of it, but I thought it was now worth making it available to the wider EMF community. Please make use of it and freely copy it. IF you leave my name on it please COPY IT ALL. Thanks.

vereniging tegen zinloos gebeld
Burgerinitiatief Stichting StralingsArm Nederland
Warning to male mobile phone users: chatting too long may cut sperm count
mobiel bellen zorgt voor toename stress
elektromagnetische straling 1 ,    2    en 3
mobile phone linked to cancer
Vergoeding werknemer voor schade door mobiele telefonie  23 oktober 2005<>
Plaatsen van UMTS antennes gaat gewoon door(10/11/2003)
Protest tegen zendmasten in Amsterdam  woensdag 22 juni 2005
Russische stralingscommissie verschilt van mening met Gezondheidsraad 10 december 2005
Rode bloedlichaampjes klonteren door mobiel bellen
Wi-Fi: a warning signal  BBC Panorama 21-05-2007 over de ongebreidelde draadloze PC netwerken
Experts confirm effects of mobile telephone radiation

When new technology is introduced, with all its advertising hype, a fair number of the public usually get carried along with considerable enthusiasm. Mobile phones were no exception. When they first appeared, many people saw a mobile phone as a sign of success and status.

When I was a child, back in the early 1950s, I was bought a new pair of shoes. The manufacturer had just introduced a wonderful new pedascope machine to check how well your shoes fitted your feet. You inserted your feet into a hole and looked down at a display screen. Even today, I clearly remember the wonder at being able to wiggle my toes and see them move inside my shoes.

The machine used X-rays at quite a high level to give real-time images on a simple screen. It was ten years before Dr Alice Stewart produced research which showed that there was no safe level of X-rays, and even then few listened. In fact she was almost outcast from the medical establishment, and it was about another twenty years before the real danger from medical X-rays was acknowledged.

Now, in the 1990s the U.K. National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB) is fighting a rearguard action, trying to persuade hospitals to minimise patient X-ray exposure.

Asbestos has been strictly controlled since 1970, and the use of most dangerous types banned. Despite this, deaths from mesothelioma (an asbestos induced cancer of the pleura/lungs) are rising consistently and the U.K. death rate is not expected to peak until about 2020. The time between the first exposure and death is now accepted as often being between 20 and 50 years. Most environmental cancers in adults take longer than ten years from initiation to detection.

Mobile phones
The mobile phone growth explosion is only just happening now. If EMFs do turn out to be carcinogenic, even if we backdate it five we backdate it five years, we should not be expecting to see much in the way of carcinogenic effects for another ten years. In the meantime we discover that major phone manufacturers are quietly (and prudently) patenting EMF reducing cases and aerials.

We also find interesting, and not very re-assuring, advice in a Motorola User Manual: [1] DO NOT hold the cellular telephone such that the antenna is in contact with exposed parts of the body, especially the face or eyes, while the unit is turned on. (OK, that is reasonable).

When used with an externally mounted vehicular antenna DO NOT operate the cellular telephone when a bystander is within one foot (0.3m) of the externally mounted antenna. (Hmm. Is it all right to fry your own head, but not someone else's? It is difficult to believe that vehicle antennas are that much more efficient radiators).

Despite the impression that mobile-phone companies give in their literature, little work has been done on the long term human health implications of mobile-phone use. This means that current mobile-phone users are acting as involuntary, and often unsuspecting, test subjects. Past research into microwave radiation effects on health certainly gives rise to concern.

Public awareness
Public awareness of possible dangers was probably triggered originally by the Reynard brain tumour case in 1992. About eight lawsuits alleging that cellular phones caused brain tumours have been filed in the USA. Although these cases haven't succeeded, they have set the stage, and raised safety questions in many people minds. It has raised old spectres such as the thalidomide tragedy - the result of a product being used widely before adequate long term research had been carried out. That resulted in much misery for the families involved, and long drawn out and expensive lawsuits.

Cancer implications
In fact, there is little recent evidence that brain tumours are a likely outcome. If there are long term cancer implications, then they will most likely be myeloid leukaemias and multiple melanomas. Back in the early 1980s Sam Milham reported excess leukaemias among amateur radio operators, with deaths from acute and chronic myeloid leukaemias nearly three times higher than expected.

In 1980, Dr John Holt had a letter published [2]. This showed that between 1951-59, 50% of patients with CML in Queensland survived 55 months. In 1960 and 1961 three large TV broadcast stations were commissioned in the area. In the period 1963-67, 50% of patients with CML only survived 21 months. This dramatic change could not be explained by any medical personnel or therapy changes.

In the mid-1980s Stanislaw Szmigielski reported that Polish military personnel exposed to RF energy showed elevated leukaemia levels. He has just published a 1996 update. [3] This is a study of all Polish military personnel for 15 years (1971-85), approximately 128,000 people each year. Of these about 3700 (3%) were considered to be occupationally exposed to radio-frequency and / or microwave radiation.

The largest increasing were found for chronic myelocytic leukaemia (CML), with an astounding odds ratio (OR) of 13.9 (95%CI 6.72-22.12, p<0.001), acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) with an OR of 8.62 (95%CI 3.54-13.67, p<0.001), and non-Hodgkin lymphomas with an OR of 5.82 (95%CI 3.54-13.67, p<0.001).

The 1996 paper by Lai & Singh, showing single and double DNA strand breaks in brain cells of rats exposed to 2.45GHz SARs of 1.2 W/Kg (comparable with levels in the heads of mobile phone users), also gives rise to concern. [4]

If someone is completely healthy, and has a strong immune system, then mobile-phone use may well not give them long-term health problems. Some people can smoke twenty cigarettes per day for fifty years and not develop lung cancer, and yet the dangers of smoking are now generally accepted. It has been repeatedly shown that a few minutes exposure to cell phone type radiation can transform a 5% active cancer into a 95% active cancer for the duration of the exposure and for a short time afterwards. [5]

I postulate that if there is a cancer connection with the use of mobile phones, it is likely to be seen in these leukaemias. Adult leukaemias take many years to appear and be diagnosed, taking maybe between 10 and 30 years after the initial cell transformation. It is therefore unlikely that the trend will start to be seen for at least another five, probably ten, years. I hope the industry has good insurance cover!

Short term exposure of rats is no answer. Cancer is being increasingly recognised as an organisational systems problem, and no short term speeded up animal experiments are likely to give the same results as extended period chronic exposure to the human bio-system.

Are there problems that occur in the short term?
I would answer "Yes, there are". Following the BBC TV Watchdog programme and various media articles, Powerwatch has been receiving calls from mobile phone users who believe that they are experiencing problems.

Following a magazine article, we recently received calls from British Telecom engineers who had been issued with GSM phones. These are people who are generally very sceptical of EMF adverse health effects. They are reporting: Headaches, poor short term memory and concentration, tingling / burning/ or twitching skin on the side of their face nearest the phone, eye problems including 'dry eye' causing irritation with blinking of the eyelid, and buzzing in their ears not only while actually using the phone, but also on waking up during the night.

These symptoms bear a close resemblance to those in a study of a Latvian pulsed radio location station at Skrunda. This emits short 0.8 milliseconds pulses of 154 - 162MHz every 41ms, giving a rate of 24 pulses per second. In a study of 966 children aged 9-18 years old, motor function, memory and attention were significantly worse in the exposed group. Children living in front of the station had less developed memory and attention, their reaction time was slower and their neuromuscular endurance was decreased. The RMS field levels at their houses were typically only 1V/m, and a maximum level of 6 V/m or 10(W/cm2. [6]

Reports linking RF energy with asthenias had been reported by Charlotte Silverman back in 1973, and again in 1980, as what she called "radio wave sickness". [7]

In another study near the Latvian radio station, differences in micronuclei levels in peripheral erythrocytes were found to be statistically significant in the exposed and control groups. This is evidence of genetic changes caused by athermal (non-thermal) levels of pulsed radio-frquency radiation.[8]

Maximum exposure levels
When maximum exposure levels were set in the 1950s, they were based on the field levels the human body could withstand without causing a significant rise (1°C) in body temperature. The possibility of non-thermal effects was discounted. Despite considerable evidence in published scientific literature, this still continues to be the case. However, the conclusions section of the NRPB "Doll Report", on non-ionising radiation effects, states: "Animal studies conducted at frequencies above about 100kHz have provided some evidence for effects on tumour incidence...". [9] At cellular telephone frequency bands of 900MHz and 1.8GHz, the current U.K. NRPB investigation levels had the effect of raising the U.K. permitted levels to 10 Watts per Kg in the head. The 1991 USA ANSI/IEEE C95.1 guidelines set the SAR at 1.6 W/Kg, and the CENELEC pre-standard states 2 W/Kg for the public. It has been shown that cellular-phones can deliver well over 2 W/Kg into head tissue during their output pulses, but they are said to comply because over each second the average power is only one-eighth of the pulse power (GSM and PCN digital phones).

Unlike the earlier analogue-phones, the new digital GSM ones emit a series of 546(s radio-frequency (RF) pulses at a repetition rate of 217Hz. Pulsed microwaves have been shown to be more biologically active than continuous radiation of the same frequency and power level. Take an operating digital GSM mobile-phone near an ordinary medium wave radio and you will hear a "rattle-clatter " buzzing noise. These pulses are also picked up and detected by the cells inside the user's and other nearby people's heads. In fact, up to 50% of the transmitted power can be absorbed by the user's head, which means that their brain cells are being "hit" by these radiation pulses two hundred and seventeen times every second.

The NRPB, and others, average the power from a digital phone over 1 second, and so divide the pulse power by eight. They correctly argue that the tissue has time to cool down between pulses, and then go on to deduce that no damage will therefore take place. This is similar to saying that placing a hammer on a "cell" (an egg, for example) exerting a small steady force, will produce the same effect as hitting the egg, using eight times the force briefly once a second. As well as being an electronics engineer, I am a qualified Agricultural Engineer - and I know that, when trying to loosen a stuck nut and bolt, the effect of constant pressure on the spanner is FAR less than when tapping the spanner with a hammer. At the same time (1993) as the NRPB raised its permitted microwave levels, two military research bases in the USA reduced their permitted levels of radio frequency exposure (30MHz to 100GHz) from 100W/m2 down to 1W/m2, (0.1mW/cm2 or 100µW/cm2 ). This is because they acknowledge that there is now an overwhelming body of published evidence of the positive existence of non-thermal biological effects of high-frequency radiation. [10]

Some non-thermal effects
Important non-thermal biological effects have been demonstrated which could account for the development of cancer, asthma and the lowering of male fertility. Dr John A.G. Holt was the first Medical Director of the Institute of Radiotherapy and Oncology of Western Australia.

Cancerous tissue has increased conductivity compared with normal tissue. In 1974, Dr. Holt and Dr. Nelson were able to show that the specific effect of RF energy on cancer was to radio-sensitise a malignancy. Some cancers could have their radio-sensitivity increased by a factor exceeding 100 times. Since non electrical heating of cancer to 41.8°C increased radio-sensitivity by a factor of 2 to 3 and 434 MHz increased sensitivity by 100 to 150 times at less than 38°C, this is a non thermal effect. Every cancer demonstrated an increase in sensitivity but in those that were normally treated with radiotherapy this was at its maximum, whereas in those not usually treatable by X-ray Therapy it was minimal. [11]

Dr Peter French, Principal Scientific Officer in the Centre for Immunology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia, has been carrying out experiments on a range of human and animal cell lines using 835MHz exposure at 4.9mW/cm2, 3 times per day for 7 days. He has shown effects on cell growth (some cells show an increased growth rate and some, including gliomas, show a decreased growth rate), cell shape, secretion of histamine and on gene transcription. These studies were funded by Dr John Holt, and now Dr French is seeking Australian government funding to continue these early, preliminary experiments. The work is currently submitted for publication to peer-reviewed scientific journals, and more details will be available after it has been accepted for publication. Dr French is the Immediate Past President of the Australia and New Zealand Society for Cell Biology. [12]

These key new areas of work are not being funded or supported by industry.

Microshield Industries launched a new EMF shielding mobile phone case range earlier this year. It received quite a lot of media publicity, and claims of "worthless" from the cellular phone industry. However, it does reduce the power absorbed by the user's head by some 10 to 20dBm (i.e. by a factor of between 10 and 100). Many purchasers of these Microshield cases are now expressing delight at having found a way of using their phones without experiencing the adverse side effects.
Base station masts
There is currently growing public concern about the number of base station masts that are being errected, and the effect these may have on both health and on property values. The field strengths from masts is low and it is unlikely to be more of a problem than any other form of RF data communications, however increasing worries are surfacing about all levels of RF energy, especially when digital signal bursts are transmitted.

In the Australian Government's media release, announcing the $4.5 million project, the Minister for Health and Family Services, Dr. Michael Woolridge states: "While there is no substantiated evidence available to date of adverse health effects associated with RF EME (radio frequency electromagnetic energy) exposure within the standards that apply in Australia and overseas..."

Where is Dr. Woolridge getting the information from?... According to the press release, it must be from the EME (electromagnetic energy) Advisory Committee.

When one looks at what few epidemiological studies that have been done to date on RF/MW human exposure, there is ample evidence of adverse health effects to warrant concern.

The catch word in Dr. Woolridge's statement is "substantiated" evidence. This essentially means proven evidence. To use the term "proven" or "substantiated" is somewhat misleading. Epidemiological studies on human populations do not look for "proof" or "substantiation" but increases in incidence of a disease, or relative risk ratios.

Epidemiological studies on tobacco and asbestos did not "substantiate" that these carcinogens cause cancer, they do show, however, a significant increased risk of developing cancer from exposure. This is not "substantiation", but that did not prevent the health authorities from taking corrective action. It is unfortunate that with electromagnetic radiation however industry and its supporters insist an absolute connection must be found before correction action be taken.

The following recent studies do not "substantiate" anything in relation to exposure to RF/MW; they are dealing with the increase in incidence of adverse health effects such as cancer. These relevant which should be of interest to anyone involved in EME health issues and who is concerned with a possible association with the human population:

a) The recent Bruce Hocking preliminary study compared cancer rates in three municipalities within a 4km radius of Sydney TV towers with rates in adjacent areas further away. The study found children living within the 4km. radius had a relative risk of 1.61 for leukaemia, compared with the control group. The relative risk for mortality was higher at 2.25, and highest at 2.84 for fatal lymphoblastic leukaemia. [13]
The calculated power density levels within the 4 km. area were calculated to be in the order of 0.02 to 8 microwatts/, up to 1000 times less than the Australian RF/MW safety standard of 200 microwatts/

b) In 1987, a similar study identified higher rates of cancer among those living near the TV and radio broadcast towers in Honolulu, Hawaii. Drs. Bruce Anderson and Alden Henderson of the Hawaii Department of Health found in a study of several thousand people in residential areas with about 12 communication towers in the midst, a relative risk for cancer, including leukaemia, of 1.375 (37.5% increase). This study was never followed up. [14]

c) An earlier study in 1982, conducted by Dr. William Morton of the University of Oregon's Health Science Centre in Portland, Oregon found parallel trends in his study of cancer and broadcast radiation in Portland. [15]

d) Dr. Stanislaw Szmigieski, a leading epidemiologist with the Centre for Radiobiology and Radiation Safety at the Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Warsaw, Poland has been the team leader for an on-going study of the health effects of RF/MW exposure of military personnel in Poland for the whole military population. His research found that young military personnel exposed to RF/MW radiation had more than eight times the expected rate of leukaemia and lymphoma. Careful surveys of exposure revealed that 80 - 85% of the personnel were exposed to an average of less that 42 microwatts/sq. cm., with a median point near 7 microwatts/sq. cm. [3]

e) Ouellet-Hellstrom and Stewart (1993) found a statistically significant 3.3 fold increase of miscarriage amongst U.S. physiotherapists using microwave diathermy compared to a non-exposed control group. The incidence increased with the number of monthly treatments, which could suggest a cumulative effect. At an average of about 10 treatments per month the estimated exposure was about 0.04 to 0.56 microwatts/sq. cm. [16]

f) Shandala et. al. (1979) found that calcium ion efflux varies in living animal cells at 10 micro watts/ and this level also produces brain activity changes. [17]

g) von Klitzing (1995) found changes to human brain EEG with a signal of 217 Hz modulation on a 150 megahertz (MHz) carrier with an external exposure of about 2.5 microwatts/ [18]

h) Dr. John Goldsmith, Professor of Epidemiology at Burn Gurion University of the Negev, Israel has collected evidence of several occupational and military exposures to microwaves which produced elevated risks of a wide range of cancers, including childhood leukaemia in children of staff, and cancers in the staff and partners at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow and other eastern European U.S. embassies. These cancers were associated with a reported maximum exposure of between 5 and 15 microwatts. and mean exposures between 1 and 2.4. microwatts/, recorded near the outside walls of the embassy. Exposures inside the building should be somewhat smaller than these readings. [19]

i) To quote from Dr. Neil Cherry's (New Zealand) recent paper of March 1996 Potential and Actual Adverse Effects of Cellsite Microwave Radiation: [20]

"With these and dozens of other epidemiological studies of large populations and large numbers of workers occupationally exposed to RF/MW radiation, showing statistically significant increases of a wide spectrum of cancers, there can be little or no doubt that chronic low level exposure to RF/MW radiation produces increased cancer risk."

j) The Latvian pulsed radar station study mentioned earlier in this talk. [6]

Considering these studies and the evidence of an increased cancer risk, at levels well below the current Australian RF/MW standard of 200 microwatts/, for Dr. Wooldridge to state that "there is no substantiated evidence available to date of adverse health effects..." indicates that he is not getting proper advice.

Who can the public turn to for advice? Part of my remit was to answer the question whether the public should be suspicious of soothing statements from people responsible for advice on these matters.

Dr. Alastair McKinlay, of the UK NRPB, is the vice-Chair of an "Expert Group" set up by the European Commission. He is recently quoted as stating: What is now required is a lot more research in the microwave frequency part of the electromagnetic spectrum, where mobile phones operate. This is not because there is concern about health effects, but that such research makes sense to quell any public concern. [21]

One has to question whether this is the right attitude to adopt when trying to discover scientific truths.

This E.C. Committee is, however, just recommending (due this week) a 24 million ECU (about £20m) funding programme for research in mobile phone safety.

Michael Repacholi, who heads up the W.H.O. programme, has been severely criticised in Australia about the way he has chaired their RF Standards Committee. He is on record as saying that there are no athermal adverse health effects, and saying that the main reason to up the Australian limits by a factor of five is "to provide GATT economic benefits". It has been publicly stated that it is not correct for a single person, who has a long standing financial relationship with the telecommunications industry and who defends their position on the safety of EMR by testifying in court on their behalf, should have so much influence in the setting of RF public health standards. [22]

Powerwatch believes that, although much more research needs doing, regular mobile-phone use is likely to have adverse health consequences in the people who use them.

The newer, digital, ones are likely to have more biological effects than the older, analogue, ones. While we accept that the existing evidence does not yet prove that there are any long-term adverse health implications, on our understanding of published research we need to advise people to use them as little as possible.

Refs: [ 1 ] General Safety Information, User's Manual for Micro T.A.C Ultra Lite, Motorola [ 2 ] The Medical Journal of Australia, Vol.1, No.12 14th June 1980 [ 3 ] The Science of the Total Environment 180, Elsevier, 1996, pp9-17 [ 4 ] Lai & Singh, Int.J.Rad.Biol.,V.69,pp513-521, April 1996 [ 5 ] John Holt, BBC1 TV Watchdog Programme, 3rd June 1996 [ 6 ] The Science of the Total Environment 180, Elsevier, 1996, pp 87-93 [ 7 ] Charlotte Silverman (Am.J.Epi, 1973, & Proc IEEE V79, pp78-84 1980) [ 8 ] The Science of the Total Environment 180, Elsevier, 1996, pp 81-86 [ 9 ] NRPB "Doll Report" (Doc.NRPB V3, No1, 1992) and follow up statements. [10] Microwave News, September/October 1993, pp 1,10,12 [11] John Holt, Powerwatch Network Technical Supplement, May 1996 [12] Peter French, personal communication, October 1996 [13] Microwave News, Vol. XV, No.6, Nov/Dec 1995, p1 & p16 [14] Mobile Phones and their Transmitter Base Stations - EM Facts Info. Service,*p.7 [15] Microwave News, Vol. XV, No. 6, Nov./Dec 1995, p16 [16] Quellet-Hellstrom, R., and Stewart W.F., Am. J. Epi., 138, No. 10, Nov. 1993, pp 775 - 784 [17] Shandala, M.G. & Vinogradov, Imunological effects of microwave action, JPRS 72956, p16, (1979). Also see same authors: Microwave Radiation as Autoimune Inductor. Abstracts BEMS 12th Ann. Meeting, San Antonio, 1990. [18] Von Klitzing,, L. LF pulsed EMF influence EEG of man, submitted to Physica Medica, 1995 [19] Goldsmith, J.R., 'Epi. Evidence of RF Effects...' Int. J. Environmental Health, 1, 1995, pp 47-57 [20] 17 April 1995 paper. Contact Dr. Neil Cherry, Lincoln Univ., N.Z., email Copy is in 'Mobile Phones and their Base Station Masts.....' * [21] Electronics and Wireless World, November 1996, p821 [22] Exposure to RF Radiation - a Growing Concern. ACATT, Australia, 1996. *EMFacts Information Service, PO Box 96, North Hobart, Tasmania, 7002, AUSTRALIA The Powerwatch Network is contactable at:
2, Tower Road, Sutton, Ely, Cambs., CB6 2QA Fax:01353 777646; email:

Alasdair Philips (

Protest tegen zendmasten in Amsterdam

Op woensdag 22 juni 2005 vindt om 19.30 uur een informatie- en discussie-avond plaats over zendmasten in Amsterdam. Op die avond worden handtekeningen van bewoners overhandigd aan woningbouwvereniging De Key en de providers Telfort en Orange. De meerderheid van de bewoners wil dat de antennes van het dak verwijderd worden.

De bijeenkomst vindt plaats in het bijgebouw van woningbouwvereniging De Key, Hoogte Kadijk 145, Amsterdam. Het programma begint om 19.30 uur.

Aanleiding is de handtekeningenactie in de omgeving van de Zoutkeetsgracht, georganiseerd door bewoners van Zoutkeetsgracht 7 - 113. Op het dak staan drie masten met 7 antennes voor mobiele telefonie. Volgens het antenneregister staat er slechts één antenne voor GSM 1800 MHz, in gebruik sinds 11 januari 2005, maar de informatie van het antenneregister is niet up to date (in dit geval ook niet correct: volgens de plattegrond van het antenneregister staat de mast aan de andere kant van de Zoutkeetsgracht).

De bewoners hebben welzijns- en gezondheidsklachten. Edwin van Vierzen kon niet meer slapen in zijn woning, ontdekte dat hij zich elders beter voelde en dat de moeheid, hoofdpijn en fluittoon in zijn oren verdwenen. Ook ontdekte hij dat de inspraakprocedure voor de zendmast niet correct is verlopen. Bij navraag bij de bewoners bleken meer mensen gezondheidsklachten te hebben, die vóór de plaatsing van de mast niet bestonden of sindsdien verergerd zijn. Veel meer dan de helft van de bewoners blijkt tegen de antennes te zijn. De handtekeningen zullen op de informatie- en discussie-avond worden overhandigd aan woningbouwvereniging De Key en de providers Telfort en Orange, met als inzet de verwijdering van de zendmast en de bescherming van de huurders van De Key (26.000 woningen) tegen de hoogfrequente straling.

Edwin van Vierzen heeft een slaapcabine met afscherming van aluminiumisolatiefolie gebouwd. De stralingsdichtheid daarbinnen is meetbaar lager en hij kan weer slapen. In zijn woning is afgelopen woensdag 0,7 Volt per meter (ca. 1300 mikroWatt/m2) gemeten. Edwin is niet de enige in Amsterdam die welzijnsklachten heeft door de radiofrequente straling. Ook elders zijn mensen onwel, slapen onder afschermende klamboes (onder meer bij station Amstel) of lopen de deur bij de huisarts plat (maar die kan niets vinden) en in enkele gevallen zijn de bewoners zelfs verhuisd naar een plek met minder straling (zoals de familie Luyat). De radiofrequente straling is afkomstig van zendmasten (GSM 900 MHz, GSM 1800 MHz en UMTS 1900-2200 MHz), draadloze DECT-telefoons, WIFI-netwerken, C2000 (het netwerk van de hulpdiensten) enzovoort.

In Nederland bestaan geen normen voor de hoogfrequente stralingsdichtheid. De Gezondheidsraad adviseert een limiet van 10.000.000 tot 20.000.000 mikroWatt/m2, om te voorkomen dat mensen verhit worden zoals in een magnetron (één graad verwarming in zes minuten). Dat kom je alleen tegen binnen enkele meters van een antenne. Voor de andere effecten van de permanente straling zijn geen blootstellingslimieten gesteld. De effecten zijn er wel degelijk (op het centraal zenuwstelsel, de neuronale activiteit, het EEG, de cerebrale bloeddoorstroming, de werking van de hersenen en het cognitieve functioneren. Dat staat in een rapport van T-Mobile van 9 juni 2005 en het klopt met de onderzoeken van TNO in 2003 en Umweltmedizin Salzburg in 2005). Alle epidemiologische onderzoeken vinden dezelfde klachten en symptomen in de omgeving van zendmasten: moeheid, slaapstoornissen, duizeligheid, misselijkheid, problemen met de bloedsomloop, irritatie, depressie, vaag zien, concentratie- en geheugenstoornissen en afwijkingen van het cognitief functioneren. Die klachten ontstaan bij lage permanente stralingsdichtheden (100 tot 1000 mikroWatt/m2).

Op de informatie- en discussie-avond komen vertegenwoordigers van de bewoners, de providers Telfort en Orange, het nationaal antennebureau, de Gezondheidsraad, het netwerk Stopumts en woningbouwvereniging De Key.

Informatie is te verkrijgen bij Edwin van Vierzen, telefoon 020 7702726 en 06 40806582. Informatie en documentatie voor de pers bij Frans van Velden, telefoon 070 3820525 en 06 27533645.

Informatie over het onderwerp is te vinden op <>.

Grigoriev: 'mobiele telefoons en basisstations vormen risico voor de gezondheid'

Russische stralingscommissie verschilt van mening met Gezondheidsraad

10 december 2005 - Volgens Yuri Grigoriev, voorzitter van de Russische commissie voor niet-ioniserende straling, zijn mobiele telefoons niet veilig. De voltallige commissie vindt bovendien dat de straling van antennes van basisstations een risico vormt voor de volksgezondheid. "De veiligheid van de Russische en internationale bevolking kan onder de huidige omstandigheden niet worden gegarandeerd", aldus de commissie.
De RNCNIRP (Russische Nationale Commissie voor niet-ioniserende straling) stelt dat kinderen tot 16 jaar niet mobiel moeten bellen. Die mening wordt gedeeld door de afdeling biologie van de Russische Academie van Wetenschappen en de afdeling preventieve geneeskunde van de Russische Academie van Medische Wetenschappen. Volgens Grigoriev zijn veel wetenschappers het hiermee eens, maar slechts weinig politieke leiders.

Grigoriev sprak op 19 november op een congres over mobiele communicatie in Olten, Zwitserland. "De straling van de antennes van basisstations vormt een wezenlijke bijdrage aan de belasting van de hele bevolking. Het hele lichaam van kinderen, teenagers, zwangere vrouwen, zieke mensen en gevoelige mensen wordt permanent blootgesteld, dag en nacht, voor de rest van hun leven", onderstreepte Grigoriev.

Functionele veranderingen

"Op basis van onderzoek weten we dat het centraal zenuwstelsel, het immuunstelsel en het hormoonstelsel kritieke punten zijn bij de blootstelling aan deze straling. In de helft van alle onderzoeken zijn functionele veranderingen gevonden onder invloed van hoogfrequente elektromagnetische straling. Bij permanente straling zou accumulatie van effecten op kunnen treden, of een zwakke pathologie."

De huidige internationale grenswaarden zijn gebaseerd op kortdurende blootstelling aan een hoge stralingsdichtheid, maar niet op langdurige experimenten met lage dichtheden. Russische onderzoeken naar permanente blootstelling laten zien, dat groeiende organismen kwetsbaarder zijn dan volgroeide. Maar ook de Russische onderzoeken geven geen antwoord op de gevolgen van permanente blootstelling aan lage dichtheden.

Kuikens en kikkerharten

Het aantal endocriene ziekten (van het hormoonstelsel) en immuunziekten bij teenagers in Rusland is sinds 1999 meer dan verviervoudigd, aldus Grigoriev. Het aantal tumoren is verdubbeld. Drieëneenhalf maal zoveel teenagers zijn invalide en het aantal zelfmoorden neemt toe. Volgens Grigoriev vertonen de statistieken internationaal dezelfde tendens. Het is niet uitgesloten dat de straling oorzaak is, mogelijk in combinatie met andere milieu-factoren.

De Russische wetenschap beschouwt hoogfrequente stralingsziekte als een medische entiteit, een syndroom met neurologische en endocrinologische symptomen. Bij een kortdurende stralingsdichtheid van slechts een vijfde van de huidige grenswaarden in Nederland zijn niet-thermische effecten waargenomen. Grigoriev heeft onlangs ontdekt dat kuikens hun moeder niet herkennen en dat kikkerharten stoppen door kortdurende gepulste straling.

Wereldwijd experiment

"De wereldbevolking is het object van een technisch experiment waarvan de gevolgen niet zijn te voorspellen. De wetenschap beschikt niet over het bewijs dat er geen risico zou zijn", zei Grigoriev in Zwitserland. Er zijn aanwijzingen voor het tegendeel. De effecten zijn klein, maar de invloed van de gezondheidstoestand van de bevolking (kinderen, ouderen, zwakkeren) is niet onderzocht. Ook de invloed van pulsering is niet uitgediept.

De ICNIRP (Internationale Commissie niet-ioniserende straling, een private organisatie in Duitsland die mede betaald wordt door en adviezen geeft aan de WHO en de ILO) heeft een ander standpunt dan de RNCNIRP. De ICNIRP erkent dat er een gebrek is aan wetenschappelijk onderzoek, zowel voor mobiele telefoons en kinderen als voor de gevolgen van effecten van permanente straling, maar vindt een waarschuwing overbodig.

Veel te druk

Volgens Grigoriev zoekt de World Health Organisation (WHO) naar een compromis tussen de standpunten van beide commissies. De WHO lijkt echter weinig belang te hechten aan de mening van de RNCNIRP. Michael Repacholi, coördinator van het EMF-stralingsproject van de WHO (maar ook emeritus voorzitter van de ICNIRP), gevraagd naar de mening van de WHO over het Russische standpunt, schrijft: "We hebben het veel te druk om daarop te antwoorden."

Na aandringen, met als argument dat de media en het publiek een serieus antwoord behoren te krijgen, schrijft Gregory Hartl, communicatie-adviseur van de afdeling SDE (Sustainable Development and Environmental Health): "Binnenkort worden de eerste resultaten van het Interphone onderzoek bekendgemaakt." Hartl is slecht geïnformeerd, want de eerste resultaten van het onderzoek zijn al bekend.

Acoustic neuroma

Het Interphone onderzoek gaat echter slechts over mobiele telefoons en bepaalde vormen van kanker. De leeftijdsgrens voor deelname is 30 jaar, dus kinderen zijn geen object. De eerste resultaten van de Interphone studies zijn al gepubliceerd. 'Acoustic neuroma' blijkt na tien jaar mobiel bellen 80 procent vaker voor te komen aan de kant waar gebeld wordt. In het persbericht over de publicatie stond echter 'geen substantiële verhoging'.

Net als de WHO geeft de Nederlandse Gezondheidsraad (GR) geen inhoudelijke reactie op de mening van de Russische wetenschappers. Eric van Rongen, secretaris van de stralingscommissie van de GR, verwijst naar een brief over mobiele telefoons en kinderen van januari 2005. Die verwijst naar een congres in juni 2004, waar de WHO heeft gesteld dat er geen verschil is tussen kinderen ouder dan twee jaar en volwassenen. Grigoriev heeft dit standpunt reeds in 2004 met argumenten ontkracht.

Zwangere vrouwen

Tijdens het congres in Moskou toonde Repacholi weinig respect voor de Russen: "Onderzoek moet modern zijn. De Russische overheid moet zich laten helpen door de ICNIRP en de WHO. De Russische wetenschappers moeten zich realiseren dat ze in een wereldgemeenschap leven." Grigoriev daarentegen: "Het plaatje voor kinderen en mobiele telefoons is volstrekt helder." Het Russische ministerie voor Gezondheid adviseert kinderen tot 18 jaar en zwangere vrouwen, geen mobiele telefoon te gebruiken.

Het nieuwsagentschap Informnauka beschrijft een recent artikel van Grigoriev in een Russisch wetenschappelijk tijdschrift. "Op basis van alle gegevens van onderzoek naar de gezondheid van mensen die jarenlang met elektromagnetische straling hebben gewerkt, bevestigt Grigoriev dat mobiele telefoons niet veilig zijn. Zelfs een kort telefoongesprek heeft al invloed op de activiteit van de hersenen", aldus Informnauka.


In tegenstelling tot de suggestie van Repacholi staan de Russische wetenschappers beslist niet alleen. Chinese wetenschappers baseren zich ook op effecten met niet-thermische gevolgen. Sir William Stewart, voorzitter van het Britse Health Protection Agency (HPA), noemde onlangs op de Canadese televisie de verkoop van mobiele telefoons voor kinderen "grotesk".

De Artsenkamer van Wenen heeft voorgesteld om mobiel bellen tot 16 jaar te verbieden. De Koreaanse onderzoeker Xu Xi SHan wijst mobiel bellen voor iedereen af. De Californische toxicoloog Nachman Brautbar acht schade door hoogfrequente straling aannemelijk. Het zijn slechts enkele voorbeelden van de talloze wereldwijde adviezen van wetenschappers.

De waarschuwingen van Grigoriev, de RNCNIRP, de Russische Academie van Wetenschappen en de Russische Academie van Medische Wetenschappen dreigen in de doofpot te verdwijnen, als het ligt aan de World Health Organisation en de Nederlandse Gezondheidsraad. Inhoudelijk antwoorden de WHO en de GR niet op vragen over het Russische standpunt. Dat roept vragen op over de volledigheid van de informatie aan de Nederlandse bevolking en politiek.

* e-mail van Y. Grigoriev (RNCNIRP)
* e-mails van M. Repacholi en G. Hartl (WHO)
* e-mail van E. van Rongen (Gezondheidsraad)
* ingezonden brief in Bioelectromagnetics 00:1-2 (2004) door Y. Grigoriev
* lezing van Y. Grigoriev op het '3e Nationale Kongress Elektrosmo-Betroffener', gehouden door de 'Schweizerische Interessengemeinschaft Elektrosmog-Betroffener', 19 november 2005, Olten, Zwitserland
* artikel 'Hide Cellular Phones From Children', (gebaseerd op artikel 'Electromagnetic fields of mobile telephones and children's and teenager's health', in het wetenschappelijke tijdschrift 'Radiation biology. Radioecology', 2005, 25, N4, auteur Y. Grigoriev, in het Russisch en niet beschikbaar op internet)
* tv-uitzending,
* artikel over Xu Xi Shan, die DNA-schade vond bij muizen,
* verslag van congres in Moskou,
* Schoemaker, Mobile phone use and risk of acoustic neuroma: results of the Interphone case-control study in five North European countries, British Journal of Cancer, 3 oktober 2005,

Auteur: Frans van Velden, e-mail


Rode bloedlichaampjes klonteren door mobiel bellen

Twee studenten van het gymnasium in Spaichingen, Duitsland, hebben de invloed van mobiel bellen op rode bloedlichaampjes onderzocht. Zij maakten met een microscoop 255 opnamen van het bloed van 51 proefpersonen. De studenten, Maria Ritter en Wasgan Wolski, kregen voor hun werk een regionale prijs voor jonge onderzoekers, meldt de Schwäbische Zeitung van 7 maart 2005.

De proefpersonen mochten 24 uur lang niet mobiel bellen. De onderzoekers namen eerst bloed af uit de oorlel en vingertop. Vervolgens moesten de proefpersonen 20 seconden lang bellen met een mobiele telefoon. Direct daarna namen de onderzoekers opnieuw bloed af en na tien minuten nog eens. Het resultaat: na het telefoneren was duidelijk te zien dat de rode bloedlichaampjes klonterden en 'geldrollen' vormden.

Ook tien minuten na het mobiel bellen waren de 'geldrollen' nog duidelijk te zien. Door de klontering wordt het risico op trombose verhoogd. Bovendien neemt de opname en het transport van zuurstof door de rode bloedlichaampjes af, melden Ritter en Wolski. Het onderzoek werd geleid door hun docent dr. Markus Ziegler.

informatie over dit persbericht te verkrijgen bij
Frans van Velden
06 27533645
070 3820525

Wi-Fi: a warning signal
Laptop in school
Wi Fi systems are now in 70 per cent of secondary schools
Britain is in the grip of a Wi-Fi revolution with offices, homes and classrooms going wireless - but there is concern the technology could carry health risks.

The Government insists Wi-Fi is safe, but a Panorama investigation shows that radio frequency radiation levels in some schools are up to three times the level found in the main beam of intensity from mobile phone masts.

There have been no studies on the health effects of Wi-Fi equipment, but thousands on mobile phones and masts.

The radiation Wi-Fi emits is similar to that from mobile phone masts. It is an unavoidable by-product of going wireless.

In the last 18 months another two million of us in the UK have begun using Wi-Fi.

Entire cities have become what are known as wireless hotspots.

Precautionary approach

In 2000, Sir William Stewart, now chairman of the Health Protection Agency, headed the government's inquiry into the safety of mobile phone masts and health. He felt the scientific research was sufficient to apply a precautionary approach when siting masts near schools.

I am asking schools to consider very seriously whether they should be installing Wi-Fi networks now and this will make them think twice or three times before they do it
Philip Parkin, Professional Association of Teachers
During that same year, the government sold off the 3G licences for £22.5bn.

Sir William recalls: "We recommended, because we were sensitive about children... that masts should not necessarily impact directly on areas where children were exposed, like playgrounds and that."

But what about Wi-Fi? The technology is similar to mobile phone masts and in use in 70 per cent of secondary schools and 50 per cent of primary schools.

Panorama visited a school in Norwich, with more than 1,000 pupils, to compare the level of radiation from a typical mobile phone mast with that of Wi-Fi in the classroom.

Readings taken for the programme showed the height of signal strength to be three times higher in the school classroom using Wi-Fi than the main beam of radiation intensity from a mobile phone mast.

The findings are particularly significant because children's skulls are thinner and still forming and tests have shown they absorb more radiation than adults.

Safety limits

The readings were well beneath the government's safety limits - as much as 600 times below - but some scientists suspect the whole basis of our safety limits may be wrong.

Panorama spoke to a number of scientists who questioned the safety limits and were concerned about the possible health effects of such radiation.

"If you look in the literature, you have a large number of various effects like chromosome damage, you have impact on the concentration capacity and decrease in short term memory, increases in the number of cancer incidences," said Professor Olle Johansson of the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.

Another scientist, Dr Gerd Oberfeld, from Salzburg is now calling for Wi-Fi to be removed from schools.

He said: "If you go into the data you can see a very very clear picture - it is like a puzzle and everything fits together from DNA break ups to the animal studies and up to the epidemiological evidence; that shows for example increased symptoms as well as increased cancer rates."

The clear advice from Sir William Stewart to the government on mobile phone masts was that the beam of greatest intensity should not fall on any part of the school grounds, unless the school and parents agreed to it.

Norwich city centre is blanketed with a Wi-Fi hotspot
Yet the levels tested in the classroom from Wi-Fi were much higher - three times the highest level of the mast.

Panorama contacted 50 schools at random - and found not one had been alerted by the government to any possible health effects.

Philip Parkin, general secretary of the Professional Association of Teachers said: "I think schools and parents will be very worried about it...

"I am asking schools to consider very seriously whether they should be installing Wi-Fi networks now and this will make them think twice or three times before they do it.

"I think the precautionary approach doesn't seem to have worked because it is being rolled out so rapidly...

"It's a bit like King Canute. We can't stop the tide and I am afraid if schools are told that there is a serious health implication for having these networks in schools, it is going to be a very serious matter to say to schools, you have to switch them off."

Low power

At Washington state university, Professor Henry Lai, a biologist respected by both sides of the argument says he has found health effects at similar levels of radiation to Wi-Fi.

He estimates that of the two to three thousand studies carried out over the last 30 years, there is a 50-50 split - half finding an effect with the other half finding no effect at all.

But the Health Protection Agency has said Wi-Fi devices are of very low power - much lower than mobile phones.

The Government says there is no risk and is backed up by the World Health Organisation which is robust in its language saying there are "no adverse health effects from low level, long-term exposure".

The scientist responsible for WHO's position is Dr Mike Repacholi, who headed up the health organisation's research programme into radio frequency radiation.

He was also the founder of the International Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP).

He said the statement of "no adverse health effects" was based on the weight of evidence.

In order for a health effect to be established it must mean it has been repeated in a number of laboratories using very good study techniques. The findings of any published studies had been put in the mix before reaching a conclusion, he said.

"It is called a weight of evidence approach - and if that weight of evidence is not for there being an effect or not being an effect that is the only way you can tell whether there really is an adverse health effect," he said.

Wi-Fi: a warning signal, Panorama, Monday, 8.30pm, BBC1.

Watch Panorama: Wi-Fi: a warning signal

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Experts confirm effects of mobile telephone radiation
Press release - May 16th 2005
Young and healthy adults have no problem - other groups at risk

The radiation of wireless communication indeed has effects on the central nervous system, influences the functioning of the brain and causes damage to DNA. That is confirmed by 25 experts who studied the relevant scientific literature of 2000 to 2004. The investigation was done by the working group 'Mensch Umwelt Technik' (MUT) of the Jülich research institute in Jülich, Germany. The results were presented to the public on May 9th, 2005. The experts guess that the effects on the central nervous system can not cause health problems, though this opinion has no scientific base. The influence on the brain results in shortened or prolonged reaction times and less or more cognitive mistakes, depending on the parameters of the radiation. The experts think the damage to DNA is not a problem, since it would not lead to cell damage.


The investigation was ordered and financed by T-Mobile, a provider of mobile communications. The experts only studied scientific reports and did not pay attention to the many experiences of people suffering from health effects of modern radiofrequent radiation. The complaints of these people however fit in well with the effects on the central nervous system, increased neuronal activity and influence on the functioning of the brain. The damage to DNA moreover fits in well with the results of epidemiologic investigations, finding an increased risk of cancer in the neighbourhood of antenna towers. The experts however state that the results of  epidemiologic investigations are not consistent and more research is needed. In the meantime they advise to keep mobile calls short and not to use a mobile phone in a moving car without outside antenna nor at a far distance from the antenna tower.

Risk groups

Young and healthy people are not at risk, say the experts. However, the radiation of mobile communication systems (probably combined with other factors) could be harmful to other groups, like children, elderly or sick people, babies and pregnant women. Probably the pulse-modulated radiation is most effectful on the central nervous system and brain. The working mechanism is non-thermal and not yet understood. Pulse-modulation is used by e.g. GSM, UMTS, DECT, WLAN, WIFI, TETRA and many other wireless systems. The experts say headaches and problems with concentration and remembrance could be related to the radiation of mobile phone systems, but according to the literature the other complaints probably are not. Having studied the scientific literature, they doubt if electrohypersensitivity (EHS) exists, but they emphasize that the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.

No consensus

The experts studied the permeability of the 'blood brain barrier', the risk of cancer, the damage to DNA, the effects on the brain and central nervous system and the disturbance of well-being. About the permeability of the 'blood brain barrier' there is no consensus. The experts think the 'blood brain barrier' could fail under stress or thermal conditions, but without relevance to health. There is no consensus about the damage to DNA neither. However, the experts think this can not be relevant biologically and to health, since the literature does not mention cell damage as a consequence. Laboratory tests with animals do not show an increase of cancer. Nevertheless the experts say there could be an increased risk of cancer in humans in the long term. They advise to be on the safe side and keep mobile phone calls short.

Source in German:

Not to be printed, for your information only:
Frans van Velden M.Sc.
The Hague, The Netherlands
++31 70 3820525

Warning to male mobile phone users: chatting too long may cut sperm count

· US study based on 361 attending clinic
· Other scientists call for further investigations


Non-biological parents to gain parental rights. Photograph: Dennis Wilson/Corbis

Men who use mobile phones for long periods at a time may be at risk of damaging their sperm, according to research by American scientists.

Samples taken from men attending a fertility clinic revealed that their sperm declined steadily in number, quality and ability to swim as mobile phone usage increased. Where men used their mobiles for more than four hours a day, researchers found a 30% drop in sperm motility or movement and viability when compared with men who did not use a mobile phone.

Scientists believe the study is too preliminary to prove an unequivocal link between mobile phones and falling sperm counts, but the work received a cautious welcome from other scientists who called for further studies to rule out other factors known to influence sperm quality, such as age, weight, smoking, stress and whether people had sedentary jobs.

Ashok Agarwal, who presented his findings at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine conference in New Orleans, stressed the study did not prove mobile phones were damaging male fertility, but urged scientists to investigate the possibility.

"There was a significant decrease in the most important measures of sperm health and that should definitely be reflected in a decrease in fertility, which is seen worldwide," he said.

"People use mobile phones without thinking twice what the consequences might be. It is just like using a toothbrush, but mobiles could be having a devastating effect on fertility. It still has to be proved, but it could be having a huge impact because mobiles are so much part of our lives."

Almost 1 billion people use mobile phones around the world and the number is growing in many countries at 20%-30% annually. In another five years, the number of mobile phone users is predicted to double.

Dr Agarwal and colleagues at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University in Ohio divided 361 men attending the centre for infertility tests into four groups, depending on their mobile phone usage. The groups ranged from none, less than two hours a day, two to four hours a day and more than four hours a day.

Subsequent tests on the men's sperm showed significant declines in four standard measures of sperm quality, including count, viability, motility and shape, with each falling with increased phone usage. Men who used mobile phones for more than four hours a day were found to have median sperm counts of 50m per millilitre.

Those using mobiles for two to four hours a day had sperm counts of 59m per ml, increasing to 69m per ml for less than two hours' usage a day and 86m per ml for men who did not use mobile phones.

According to the World Health Organisation, a normal sperm count can be anything between 20m and 200m per ml.

Dr Agarwal said mobile phone radiation may harm sperm by damaging DNA, disrupting cells that produce testosterone in the testes, or shrinking the tubules where sperm are created. "It is true that all the men in the study were seeking infertility treatment, but not all these men have fertility problems themselves," he said.

Allan Pacey, senior lecturer in andrology at Sheffield University, said: "This is a good quality study, but I don't think it tackles the issue. If you're using your phone for four hours a day, presumably it is out of your pocket for longer. That raises a big question: how is it that testicular damage is supposed to occur?"

"If you are holding it up to your head to speak a lot, it makes no sense it is having a direct effect on your testes," he said. "Maybe people who use a phone for four hours a day spend more time sitting in cars, which could mean there is a heat issue. It could be they are more stressed, or more sedentary and sit about eating junk food getting fat.

"Those seem to be better explanations than a phone causing the damage at such a great distance," he added.

Last year, scientists in Hungary claimed that men who carry mobile phones in their pockets may risk damaging their sperm count after studying mobile phone usage of 221 men, but no conclusive impact on sperm count or motility has ever been found by other scientists. Another study last year at Newcastle University in New South Wales showed that blasting mice with radiowaves similar to mobile phone radiation 12 hours a day for a week damaged the DNA in their sperm.

Alasdair Philips, director of the consumer pressure group Powerwatch, suggested men might want to hold the phone away from them before sending texts, but added that mobile phones might only affect sperm by causing heating in the groin area, especially if men were texting from their laps. "Sperm is very temperature sensitive as shown by many studies, and a short-term rise in temperature could be responsible," he said.

gepubliceerd op: 29.05.2012
Europese landen nemen maatregelen, Nederland doet niets

Kinderen lopen grotere gezondheidsrisico’s door het gebruik van een mobiele telefoon dan volwassenen. Dat komt doordat de straling, afkomstig van de telefoon, dieper doordringt in de schedel van een kind dan in de schedel van een volwassene. Dat zegt de Belgische kinderoncoloog Stefaan van Gool in de ZEMBLA-aflevering ‘Ziek van je mobieltje’, die aanstaande vrijdag 1 juni om 21.20 uur te zien is bij de VARA op Nederland 2.

WHO: mogelijk kankerverwekkend

Vorig jaar classificeerde de Wereldgezondheidsorganisatie (WHO) de blootstelling aan de straling van mobiele telefoons als ‘mogelijk kankerverwekkend’, nadat een werkgroep van dertig wetenschappers uit veertien landen een aantal wetenschappelijke studies had beoordeeld, die een verband tussen kanker en het gebruik van mobiele telefoons aantonen.

Verhoogd risico

Eén van die studies is van de hand van de Zweedse oncoloog prof. dr.
L. Hardell, die tevens lid is van de WHO-werkgroep. Al in 2007 bleek uit zijn onderzoek dat gebruikers van mobiele telefoons een verhoogd risico lopen op het krijgen van hersen- en oortumoren, de zogeheten brughoektumoren. Ook stelde hij vast dat tumoren zich vaker voordoen aan de kant van het hoofd waar de mobiele telefoon wordt gebruikt.

Megagroot experiment

|Volgens prof. dr. S. van Gool, die als kinderoncoloog verbonden is aan de Universiteit van Leuven en tevens de Belgische Gezondheidsraad adviseert, is vooral het gebruik van een mobiele telefoon door kinderen riskant: ‘Kinderen worden veel blootgesteld en ook veel langer. Wat de gevolgen daarvan gaan zijn, weten we pas binnen vijftig, zestig jaar. Dus je kunt eigenlijk zeggen: dit is een megagroot experiment.’


Daarom hebben verschillende Europese landen uit voorzorg maatregelen genomen om hun burgers tegen overmatige blootstelling van straling te beschermen. Zo is het in Frankrijk sinds 2010 om gezondheidsredenen voor kinderen tot 14 jaar verboden om op school een mobiele telefoon te gebruiken.
Landen als België, Duitsland en Engeland informeren hun bevolking over de gezondheidsrisico’s van mobiele telefoons en geven advies hoe de blootstelling aan straling kan worden verminderd.


Ook in Israël werd in maart dit jaar een wet aangenomen die bepaalt dat mobiele telefoons, maar ook reclame-uitingen, een waarschuwende tekst moeten bevatten dat een mobiele telefoon straling genereert die schadelijk is voor de gezondheid, met name voor kinderen.

Onnodige onrust

De Nederlandse overheid neemt geen voorzorgsmaatregelen uit vrees voor onnodige onrust. In ZEMBLA zegt professor E. Lebret van het Kennisplatform Elektromagnetische Velden dat er geen onomstotelijk bewijs is dat mobiel bellen tot schadelijke gezondheidseffecten leidt. ‘Als je er zo weinig over weet, dan maak je mensen onnodig ongerust als je vanuit voorzorg actief informatie gaat verspreiden’, aldus Lebret.

Risico onderzoek

Risico-onderzoeker dr. J. van der Sluijs van de Universiteit van Utrecht keurt de behoudende houding van het Kennisplatform af. ‘Ik zou als burger eerder in paniek zijn als de overheid stelselmatig waarschuwingen negeert en de gezondheid van de bevolking niet serieus neemt’, zegt Van der Sluijs in ZEMBLA.

Recht op informatie

Ook de Amerikaanse epidemioloog prof. dr. D. Davis, medeoprichter en voormalig directeur van het Centrum voor Milieu-Oncologie van de Universiteit van Pittsburgh, vindt de opstelling van het Kennisplatform onverantwoord: ‘De Nederlandse bevolking heeft het recht te weten waarom Belgen en Fransen verteld is hun kinderen tegen straling te beschermen. Het idee dat je mensen niet vertelt dat er mogelijk risico’s zijn, getuigt niet van respect voor hun integriteit en hun recht op informatie’, aldus Davis.

Voorlichting aan overheden

Davis schreef in 2010 de bestseller ‘Disconnect: The Truth About Cell Phone Radiation’. Davis was de afgelopen maand - op uitnodiging van verschillende landen - in Europa om voorlichting te geven aan overheden over hoe zij de blootstelling aan straling van draadloze apparatuur kunnen verminderen. Nederland heeft haar niet uitgenodigd.

Samenstelling en regie: Daan van Alkemade.
Research: Norbert Reintjens.
Eindredactie: Kees Driehuis.

ZEMBLA: ‘Ziek van je mobieltje’, vrijdag 1 juni 2012 om 21.20 uur bij de VARA op Nederland 2. Sprekers in deze uitzending