quantitative analysis of depleted uranium isotopes in British, Canadian,
and U.S. Gulf War
veterans. Horan P, Dietz L, Durakovic A.
The Morning Show, a Canadian Radio Program, featuring Pat Horan's departure
Army measurements on Depleted Uranium as comparison
It is time to get this out to the press, so they can phone Memorial and ask questions.
Pat Horan resigned on Friday after months of harassment. Here are the basic facts.
Pat does not want to talk to the press just now. She will accept
a tel call to verify
that these events did in fact happen as outlined. Her tel # is 709 7814702
Horan has been working on the analysis of depleted Uranium in human
since 1999. The story came to media attention in 2000. (See New York Times and
London Times )
Jim Wright became Head of Earth Sciences on January 1, 2000, two months
Pat Horan's office was broken into.
Since Jim Wright was put in charge of the Dept he has
1) Put human DU samples as low priority
2) Last summer he accepted and gave priority to a Department of National Defense
study on DU control samples thereby intentionally delaying the analysis of the Gulf
War veterans samples for almost four months
3) Accepted one sick veteran’ urine sample from CBC where no medical
consent forms or medical doctor was involved.
The results were not properly conveyed to the veterans. Six veterans,
were collected by the CBC’s Kathy Tomlinson, were told they were negative while
only one was tested. There is a possible lawsuit over this deception. This samples
was given priority over the medical research study being conducted.
Early in 2002, the great shuffle began leading up to Pat’s removal
4) In early February, Jim Wright removed Greg Dunning as head of
AURIF (the radiogenic isotope facility). Greg Dunning had always supported Pat
Horan in this important research allowing her access to the TIMS machine. (Greg
had been head of AURIF since 1993).
5) Jim Wright then put Pat Horan in charge of AURIF .Ten days later he removed
Pat and installed Paul Sylvester as the new chair for AURIF at a user group meeting.
(Paul has no working knowledge of a TIMS machine or clean lab.)
Pat’s assistant who did the chemistry on the DU samples was reassigned to other
duties mostly sitting around. He was finally dismissed on Friday July 5, the day Pat
6) He then hired a French post doc from South Africa who is totally unfamiliar with
the work on DU and unable to perform the analysis. Actually this was in the works
unbeknownst to Pat since the fall of 2001 when he was first contacted.
7) Removed Pat Horan as manager of the AURIF facilities in early April. She had
been manager of the AURIF facilities since 1989-1990.
8) Removed Pat’s assistant and assigned him to other duties.
9) Ordered the locks changed on June 14th , they were actually changed
thereby locking Pat Horan out of the TIMS lab and her office as she was preparing
to go back to work in July 5th after her sick leave. Her first priority upon returning
was to finish all the DU samples.
This marks the end of the DU work at Memorial.
10) Refused to answer calls from veterans, widow and legal representatives
were acting to retrieve the unfinished samples and data from the finished samples.
11) After several calls to the University, one of Jim Wright's superiors,
the Dean of Science Robert Lucas agreed to speak with him. The outcome was an
agreement that Jim Wright would allow Pat Horan in to the labs to collect the
samples on 4th and 5th of July. Then in the afternoon of July 5th,she would be
permitted to pack up her personal effects in her office.
12) Jim Wright changed his mind the evening of August 2nd regarding the retrieval
of the samples he also decided not to allow Pat Horan even to enter her office to
collect her personal belongings as he had previously agreed.
13) Finally Pat had no other choice but to ask for the assistance of the
human resources people. When arrangements were made to go over to let her pack
her office, Paul Sylvester told human resources that he would physically restrain her
from entering her office. Human Resources then asked for the assistance of MUN
security to prevent Paul from physically restraining Pat from packing up her office.
When she did so they were all confronted with Paul Sylvester’s assistant and a PC
support person to ensure that whe did not access anything on her She was not
allowed to access the DU data from her computer. It is sad that it has come to this,
treating Pat Horan like a criminal . The only reason she gained access to her office
that she has occupied for over 16 years is that the security guards and Human
Resources were willing to stand up for her.
14) The samples and data are still being held, the samples may be released next
week but they are refusing to give Pat access to the data on her computer. It will not
work to have someone else access the data. Jim Wright is suggesting this .
15) Paul Sylvester has now placed an ad in a journal to hire a TIMS expert to teach
"him" to use the TIMS machine after eliminating a very competent scientist who has
been working there for 16 years running the lab and doing the analysis and the
AURIF assistant who has been working for two years in the lab and who was hired
to help with the DU work.
It may be stated that Pat Horan resigned. However many questions need
asked as to why she was harassed and forced to resign in the middle of her year’s
research contract and with a firm intention of finishing the samples of sick veterans
and bone specimens of deceased veterans.
Why did Jim Wright and the person he put in charge of the TIMS lab,
carry out months of harassment and lock her out of her office if not to force her to
resign before finishing this DU work.
It is a repeat of several DU scientists in the US who were also locked out of their
departments, denied access to their computers , harassed and dismissed simply for
yielding to the pressure to stop their work on behalf of the GW veterans who were
exposed to DU.
Another interesting point is that the same president ,Axel Meisen who
the Presidential award for excellence in science for her work on DU among other
research has allowed all of these events that lead to the resignation of the scientist
he praised just last year.
Why did Jim Wright who also praised and defended her work suddenly turn
eliminate both Pat, her assistant and the DU work. Was it just coincidence that
this change in attitude happened after he was approached by Ed Ough of the Royal
Military College and the Department of National Defense and forced Pat to do
work for them. This work proved that she could in fact see the levels of Uranium
isotopes that distinguish DU from natural Uranium . Ed Ough and the DND had
originally called Pat’s work laughable and she proved during 4 months of work for
them that her data was accurate and reliable. This work has never been mentioned.
The other labs that did the analysis on Canadian veterans most certainly
succeed in the test organized by the DND and Ed Ough to try to discredit Pat’s
work, her accuracy in measuring the minute levels of U 234 U235 and U236
necessary to distinguish between natural and depleted Uranium were excellent.
(The announcement made by Col Scott and the DND to the press that all 136
veterans tested in the commercial labs that they were negative were all based on
measurements of U238 as they said that the levels were too low and they could
not detect the other isotopes. Pat’s success in the DND test proved she could
accurately detect levels of U234 U235 and U236. Since the science stood up
under scrutiny what else remained but to remove the scientist.
See below Jim Wright’s quote defending Pat’s work.
Jim Wright’s quote from an interview by Mike Trickey in a Southam
Ottawa article entitled MUN tests show “substantial” depleted uranium
“Memorial's equipment for testing for isotopes is considerably more
those used to test for the mere presence of uranium, which occurs in all humans
Maclean’s March 21 2001 Jim Wright is quoted again
“DND has been critical of Pat Horan’s work , but we have absolutely
More quotes form the MUN gazette "Dr. Jim Wright, head of the Earth
Department stands firmly behind their results.
"Pat's data is totally reliable, and clearly establishes there has been
significant levels of DU contamination in those tested. What we have been doing is
looking for the isotopic signatures of depleted uranium and, indeed, we've been
finding them," he said, adding, "Memorial's equipment for testing for isotopes is
considerably more sensitive than those used to test for the mere presence of
uranium, which occurs in all humans."
Dr. Wright went on to say, "The laboratory is an Atlantic regional facility
analyses to measure minute amounts of uranium isotopes. The lab has been in
operation for more than 10 years and it has a very strong peer review record both in
Canada and Europe.
What happened to Jim Wright that he moved from absolutely sticking behind
her to months of harassment and locking her out of her office. Was it that
after wasting four months of valuable time and holding up the real research
on sick veterans, she refused to do more work for the DND? This answer
may be a long time in coming as Pat Horan has moved on. She did admirable
ground breaking research for as long as she could .Quotes from the MUN
gazette, the Memorial University newspaper:
"Dr. Meisen also had praise for the ," the work of faculty members such
as Pat Horan,
whose work with depleted uranium attracted international media attention earlier this
year, and the "very consistent success of the Faculty of Business in national and
In 2001, Pat Horan received the he Presidents award for excellence in Science at
Memorial : the following was read during the award ceremony:
"Patricia (Pat) Horan
Research and project geologist, Department of Earth Sciences
Pat began her career at Memorial University 15 years ago when she was
graduating from our Chemistry Department. Her laboratory, and the work that she
performs there, are known nationally and internationally. She provides analyses for
Memorial's researchers and, because her lab is the only one of its kind in Atlantic
Canada, she consistently takes on work from other universities.
Pat is probably most well known for her work in identifying depleted
British war veterans. While this project generated much controversy and military
scrutiny, Pat continued her work, many times working through the night, with one
goal in mind: determining if depleted uranium was indeed the cause of the veterans'
Pat has contributed to the evolution of a complex university lab facility
into one of the
most productive radiogenic isotope laboratories in North America; in turn this lab has
enhanced the national and international reputation of Memorial University. And all this
was done while continuing her work and commitment to Memorial."
*This work has been written up in newspapers, the subject of many TV interviews
and documentaries as well as having been presented at many international scientific
and medical conferences. See attachments
Universities Radiogenic Isotope Facility
Research continues in the search for the presence of depleted uranium
in a variety
Initially, AURIF found the presence of depleted uranium in dust samples. These samples came from an aircraft hanger where wreckage from an El-Al cargo plane crash had been stored.
The plane had crashed into an Amsterdam suburb apartment complex.
After the ground breaking results had been released to the public,
AURIF was then asked
For further information, please contact Pat Horan.
to the AURIF newsletter from Jan/Febr 2000 where the research of Pat Horan
mentioned as very important
Measurements done by Pat Horan started in 1998 on samples from the remains of
the El-Al Boeing which crashed on Oktober 4 1992 in Amsterdam
Measurement done in 2000 by Pat Horan
Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer
More about depleted uranium
Sent: Thursday, July 18, 2002 8:43 PM
Subject: [du-list] Reaction from the SOVB to Mr. Ed Ough / Research and investigation to determine exposure to DU by Philip Fine
1. Reaction to the "Memorial saga" from the SOVB to Mr. Ed Ough
Pat Horan has been working on the analysis of depleted Uranium in human
See also DU-list digest Number 661: 1. The DU work at Memorial
Why did Jim Wright who also praised and defended her work suddenly turn
What happened to Jim Wright that he moved from absolutely sticking
Dr. Durakovic said to the SOVB: "We are talking about measurable
This story appeared in the Times Higher Education Supplement on February
Philip Fine, their science reporter spent a day and a half at AURIF
Added remarks on UMRC Uranium Medical Research Center that initiated
Research and investigation to determine exposure to Depleted Uranium
It was 3am when Pat Horan e-mailed her colleagues to let them know the
The material she was looking for had been extracted, isolated and
Ms Horan is the first scientist to discover DU in samples of sick
The war-room spin has even reached this laboratory in Newfoundland.
While this island off the east coast of Canada may be better known for
Its scientists use a mass spectrometer more sensitive than those found
Throughout, Horan has shown grace under fire. "I'm just proud of the
Horan deposits a deadly sample that looks not unlike a blood blister
Horan's senior colleague, Professor Greg Dunning worries little about
Horan refuses to make any medical statements based on her results,
But the samples in her laboratory do seem to say much more. White
There are other laboratories that can do this work and Dunning and Horan
One Spanish university with a mass spectrometer has, however, now
The despair felt by the veterans who call the lab to ask if Horan's
Pat Horan's work at Memorial began in 1999 when the Uranium Medical
One hundred years of scientific and medical literature indicate that
Correspondence about the resigning/removal of Pat Horan
I have moved on to a new position not connected
with Memorial University.
I will fill in the details as to what happened as soon as I get settled in
----- Original Message -----
From: "Hans de Jonge" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Sent: Saturday, August 10, 2002 8:31 AM
Subject: hello Pat!
> Dear Patricia,
> I heard from the DU - list you are not in function anymore. I also can't
> find your home page.
> What is the matter?
> With regards,
> hans de jonge
Subject: atlanticlab Pat Horan Depleted
Uranium analysis measurement
AURIF radiogenic isotope facility TIMS Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry
Date: Mon, 12 Aug 2002 01:26:54 +0200
From: Hans de Jonge <email@example.com>
To: Pat Horan <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I'm very sad about what has happened with you
I hope you can find a way out.
Hans de Jonge
Dear dr. Jim Wright,
Please comment the story about the removal of Patricia Horan:
If this story is right I will send it to the
Dutch Press Association
(of course with your comments)
Ing Hans de Jonge
Subject: Re: Removal of Pat Horan
Date: Tue, 13 Aug 2002 14:28:23 -0230
From: "Jim Wright" <email@example.com>
To: "Hans de Jonge" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Mr. de Jong:
This is a highly editorialised story that is
full of errors.
You need to check your source. Many of the statements
can be proven to be false and are indeed even different
from the Times story of July 19- which apparently had the
same source (i.e Dunning being removed
versus Dunning resigning as Chair of the User Group).
James A. Wright, PhD, P. Geo.
Head, Department of Earth Sciences
Director, Centre for Earth Resources Research
Memorial University of Newfoundland
St. John's, NF, Canada A1B 3X5
Tel: 709-737-2334 Fax: 709-737-4851
Subject: Re: [du-list] Pat Horan
Date: Tue, 13 Aug 2002 02:09:10 +0100 (BST)
From: Michael Kerjman <email@example.com>
To: Hans de Jonge <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Dear Mr Hans de Jonge,
Support and help to Mrs P. Horan, a specialist whose
work achievements understood to be at least a step
ahead of her bosses' suggestions, are very much
Would anyone help another specialist whose meticulous
performance was hated by the UN mafia and whose
non-Anglo-Saxon origin does not allow him to be
employed in own country?
I would very much appreciate it
The quantitative analysis of depleted uranium isotopes in British,
and U.S. Gulf War veterans.
Horan P, Dietz L, Durakovic A.
Department of Earth Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland,
St. Johns, Canada. email@example.com
The purpose of this work was to determine the concentration and ratio
uranium isotopes in allied forces Gulf War veterans. The 27 patients had
their 24-hour urine samples analyzed for 234U, 235U, 236U, and 238U
by mass spectrometry. The urine samples were evaporated and separated
into isotopic dilution and concentration fraction by the chromatographic
The isotopic composition was measured by a thermal ionization
mass spectrometer using a secondary electron multiplier detector and ion-counting
system. The uranium blank control and SRM960 U isotopic standard were
analyzed by the same procedure.
Statistical analysis was done by an unpaired t test.
The results confirm the presence of depleted uranium (DU) in 14 of 27 samples,
with the 238U:235U ratio > 207.15. This is significantly different from natural
uranium (p < 0.008) as well as from the DU shrapnel analysis,
with 22.22% average value of DU fraction, and warrants further investigation.
PMID: 12188230 [PubMed - in process]